EDMUND PENDELTON GAINES: (1777-1849) was a United States army officer who served with distinction during the War of 1812, the Seminole Wars and a visionary who proposed in the early 1830's a whole national system of military railroads. He commanded the Western Military Department during the Black Hawk War. He was still in command of the department during the Seminole Wars in which he personally led an expedition. At the Battle of Ouithlacoochie he was wounded in the mouth.

Later he was placed in command of the Southwest Military District in charge of fortifying the border of Louisiana and Texas in the case that the Mexican army might threaten U.S. territory. He was in command of the Army's Western Division at the outbreak of the Mexican-American War. He was reprimanded by the U.S. government for overstepping his authority by calling up Louisiana volunteers for Zachary Taylor's army. He nevertheless called up volunteers from other southwestern states and received a court-martial but was able to successfully defend himself. During the Mexican-American War, Gaines was in command of a series of military districts. He was in command of the Western Division when he died at New Orleans, Louisiana on June 6, 1849. (Some Excerpts from Wipekia)


General Edmund P. Gaines To General Zachary Taylor With Exceptional Content


[Zachary Taylor] 1846. New Orleans. 1 pp. Autograph Letter Signed. Superlatively important historical Mexican American war letter regarding Gaines' unauthorized call for troops written just 13 days after war was declared:

Hd Qqs Western Division New Orleans May 26, 1846

My Dear General - This will be handed to you by Colonel Morton Simms of Alabama, who goes with some choice volunteers of that state, to unite with their comrades with you in the war against Mexico. Col. Morton is warmly recommended to me by my brother G. S. Gaines & my nephew H. S. Lyon, as a Gentleman of great integrity honor and chivalry. Give him if you can an opportunity to measure his strength with your gallant enemy and you will confer a favor on him, and upon you Friend & obdt sert Edmund P. Gaines General Zachary Taylor Commanding the US Army in Mexico.

(Postscript) I send you a copy of my orders of yesterday with a letter from the Adt. Genl. directing me to countermand my authority for raising mounted Gun men. E.P.G

Exceptional content related to Gaines controversial decision to call up volunteers during the Mexican-American War. Very Fine.
Catalog: # AM-0913
Topic: Presidents and First Ladies
Price: $3500.00