GARRETT, JOHN W.
JOHN WORK GARRETT (1820-1884). As president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad during the Civil War, Garrett's sympathies were with the South, but his business responsibility dictated loyalty to the North. Throughout the war, he maintained a close working friendship with President Lincoln and instituted the first rail transport of militia in which his railroad transported 20,000 Federal troops from the Potomac to Chattanooga. After the war, he greatly expanded the rail's lines, cut rates to pressure rivals and built Baltimore wharves to expedite shipping. When he tried cutting wages, he faced the first rail strike, and tired of the pressure, soon resigned the company.