GULF, COLORADO & SANTA FE RAILWAY COMPANY
The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway Company was chartered on May 28, 1873, to build a railroad from Galveston to the interior of Texas without passing through Houston. Construction began on May 1, 1875, but it was two years before the road reached Arcola and 1879 before the rails reached Richmond, sixty-three miles from Galveston By the end of 1885 the GC&SF was operating nearly 700 miles of track, but it was not a financially strong railroad. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company had recently completed a route from Kansas to the Pacific Coast and was looking towards extending its operations south to the Gulf. On December 12, 1895, the Santa Fe was reorganized as the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company and subsequently acquired a number of railroads that were leased to the GC&SF for operation.