Historical Americana

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1808 Circular From George W. Campbell Decrying The Actions Of Britain And France As The War Of 1812 Looms

“Great Britain And France Seem To Vie With Each Other In Adopting The Most Effectual Measures In Their Power To Embarrass And Destroy Our Commerce” “….It May Become Indispensable Necessary For Us In Vindication Of Our National Rights and Independence, To Enter Into The Destructive Scenes Of War, The Last Appeal For Justice By An Injured Nation” GEORGE WASHINGTON CAMPBELL (1769-1848) American statesman who served as 5th United States Secretary of the Treasury and as a United States Senator. Printed Circular. Three pages. Washington City. April 14th, 1808. Franked by Campbell on integral address leaf: “Free Geo W. Campbell” and addressed in his hand to “John Coulter Esq Rutledge, Tennessee.” The circular reads in part: “…our relation with the belligerent powers of Europe have not assumed a more favorable aspect. Great Britain and France seem to vie with each other in adopting the most effectual measures in their power to embarrass and destroy our commerce. The cause that produced the embargo law have not yet ceased; but on the contrary every act of those two great rival powers towards us affords new proof of the policy and necessity of the measure, at the time it was adopted, and of continuing in force until either justice be done us by those powers, or we are prepared to go to war to maintain those rights which have been so grossly violated. The arrival of Mr. Rose, the minister extraordinary from Great Britain to this country, excited some hopes that our differences with that nation would at length be amicably adjusted. But those hopes were considerably diminished when it was ascertained that his powers were confined to the outrage committed on our sovereignty in the affair of the Chesapeake alone. To remove however, all pretext on the part of Great Britain for refusing to make just and honorable reparation for this unprovoked set of hostility, acknowledged by herself to be authorized, and the pretended right under which it was done disavowed, our government agreed to separate the adjustment of this affair from the other matters of difference between the two nations; confidently relying there would then remain no obstacle to making the just reparation which the nature of the case and the wounded feelings and honor of this nation so imperiously required. But no sooner was the condition agreed to, than the British minister demanded as a preliminary to negotiation on the subject, that the proclamation of the President of the United states interdicting out ports and harbors to British armed vessels should be revoked … It was in fact adding insult to injury, by calling on the injured party to make concession in the first instance, instead of receiving, as our government had a right to expect, ample and unconditional reparation for an act that was acknowledged to be a lawless and unauthorized attack upon on sovereignty … Mr. Rose informed our government he was not authorized to make know even the nature or extent of the reparation that would be offered, until the proclamation was revoked; and this of course closed the discussion on this subject … By her orders of council which were issued in November last, Great Britain has in fact declared that every American vessel that sails on the ocean shall be subjected to capture and confiscation by her cruisers – be forced into her ports, there to pay such duties as her government may impose … his vessels are taken at seas, carried into the British ports, and there compelled to pay duties, which is in fact nothing less than forcing him to pay a tax on the products of his own country … The duties proposed to be laid, are also extravagant, beyond all calculation – being nine pence sterling per pound on cotton, more than its original cost, and more than 20 percent on most other articles. To such measures as these a free people will never submit … On the other hand France by her late decrees, has subjected to capture and confiscation, not only all neutral vessels having goods of British growth or manufacture on board, or destined for British port, but also all neutral vessels that shall submit to be visited and examined by British cruisers. The consequence of these orders and decrees is, that not a neutral ship can sail, that is not subject to confiscation, by one or other of the belligerent powers. Under such circumstances a continuance of the embargo for some time is rendered absolutely necessary. By it we impose a severe pressure on those nations, particularly as regards their West India colonies, which at the same time we preserve our merchandise and seamen from certain capture … it may become indispensable necessary for us in vindication of our national rights and independence, to enter into the destructive scenes of war, the last appeal for justice by an injured nation … In such crisis as the present, the most effectual way to preserve peace, is to be prepared for war. For this purpose, in addition to the authority given the Executive to erect fortifications and build gun-boats … a law has passed for raising an additional military force of about six thousand men, to aid in the general defense of the nation, and protect against sudden attacks the most exposed and vulnerable points of our extensive frontier, particularly New Orleans … A law has passed continuing in force the law authorize the President to call into actual service on hundred thousand militia, in case the exigency of the country shall require it …I know my fellow citizens will not be wanting in the day of danger. The patriotic flame of liberty will burn in every bosom, and inspire every true American to perform his duty ….” Campbell’s content rich circular provides in-depth insight into the difficulties facing the fledgling American nation following the close of the War of Independence with Great Britain and the subsequent Quasi-War with France. With the War of 1812 looming, American vessels were at constant threat of seizure by both European nations and American seamen found themselves impressed into the service of the British crown at every turn. Specifically, Campbell calls attention to the Chesapeake-Leopard Affair of June 1807. The American vessel Chesapeake was fired upon by the British Leopard after refusing to comply with a British request to search the vessel for deserters. This attack was the precipitating factor that led to the War of 1812 and also drove the U.S. to institute the Embargo Act of 1807 against England, another subject of Campbell’s circular. While diplomatic and economic attempts such as the ill-fated Embargo Act, which showed limited benefits internationally and served to increase political tensions within the United States itself, were initially adopted, tensions continued to build in the ensuing years, ultimately resulting once again in open hostilities with the British. Aside from this astounding content regarding the increasing tensions between the United States, France, and Britain, Campbell’s circular also offers details on the current debt of the United States, and also comments upon a treaty made recently with the Choctaw nation that saw the U.S. obtain about five million acres in the Mississippi Territory and the passage of a law dividing the state of Tennessee. Some paper loss at usual folds throughout document, else Very Fine.
Catalog: # AA-0283
State: District Of Columbia
Topic: War of 1812
Price: $1250.00

1821 Broadside Concerning Inspection And Review Of The Massachusetts Militia

Printed Document. Three pages,10” x 15 1/8”. Roxbury. September 14, 1821. True, Green & Field, Printers, Boston. The document reads, in part: “ … The following will be the form of Inspection and Review, on the second day of October next … The Battalions will be ordered by Colonels, from and intimating from the Inspector, into open columns of Companies, right and front … The Inspector approaches the companies, each captain will command Attention, spring Ramrods. At the last command, the privates and non commissioned staff, will face once and a half to the right, seizing the musket at the same time with the left hand, draw ramrods, spring them into the barrel, and come to the front, next, shoulder arms! - open pans! … At the word March, the Field and Staff Officers dismount, all the company officers, the colors and sergeants between them, will advances four paces to the front of the first rank, and place themselves opposite their respective positions in the order of battle … THE BRIDGADE WILL PASS IN REVIEW … MANOEUVRES OF BATTALTIONS … EVOLTUION OF THE LINE ... It is expect that every officer will make himself so familiar with his duty, that he will be able to give all orders, promptly, and see that they are correctly understood and faithfully executed. The utmost confidence s reposed in the zeal and martial disposition of the officers of the Brigade, to render the day honorable to themselves and the Commonwealth …” Usual folds. Overall Extremely Fine.
Catalog: # AA-0128
State: Massachusetts
Topic: Broadsides
Price: $225.00

1821 Meeting Regarding Alterations To The Massachusetts Militia.

Printed Document. Three pages, 7 7/8” x 9 3/4”. Greenfield. June 12, 1821. The document reads, in part: “ … By direction of the members of the within mentioned meeting, we herewith transmit to you an account of their proceedings- You will perceive, that the object of this communication is to obtain your views, in regard to the amendment which ought to be made in the present militia system … It was the general sentiment of the officers at the meeting, that the Legislature would do nothing effectual, unless there was a very general concert and co-operation among the militia throughout the Commonwealth … The committee appointed to enquire into the defects of the present militia system, and to suggest some means by which they may be remedied, be leave to respectfully report, That they have attended to the duty assigned to them; and that in their opinion, the present militia system is defective in two particulars … First- It does not, so fully as it might be made to do, impose the burden of the common defense equally upon the whole community Secondly - The present method of conducting trainings and reviews admits of alterations, which, without materially adding to the burdens of those engaged, would tend greatly to increase the discipline and knowledge of the great body of the militia … ” The document also lists the individuals present at the meeting and provides a brief report of the resolutions examined and voted upon at the meeting. Usual folds. Minor paper loss at edges. Overall Very Fine.
Catalog: # AA-0129
State: Massachusetts
Topic: Broadsides
Price: $175.00

1822 Act Concerning The Massachusetts Militia

Printed Broadside. One page, 9 1/4” x 14”. Massachusetts. 1822. The document reads, in part: “ … An Act, in further addition to an Act, entitled ‘An Act for regulating, governing, and training the militia of the Commonwealth … the following persons, not withstanding their being above the age of eighteen, and under the age of forty-five years, be, and they are hereby conditionally exempted from military duty … Licensed Physicians and Surgeons, all officers who have held, or may hereafter hold, a commission or commissions, in the army or nay of the United States … Sec 2 … That the uniform of the militia … shall be such as his Excellency the Commander in Chief shall prescribe … Sec 6 … That so much of the twenty-second section of the act to which this is an addition, as requires every town and district in the Commonwealth to provide and deposit, sixty-four pounds of good gun powder, for every sixty-four soldiers enrolled within said town …. Sec 10 … That any non commissioned officer or private, who shall refuse or neglect to give any notice or warning, when ordered thereto by the commanding office of the company to which he belongs, shall for such offence, forfeit not less than twenty, nor more than fifty dollars … Sec 17 all laws heretofore made, so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of this act, be, and the same are hereby repealed …” Following this act is a three section act entitled, “An Act for limiting the term of imprisonment for fines and forfeitures, incurred for breaches of the laws regulating the Militia of the Commonwealth.” Some wrinkling and staining. Overall Fine.
Catalog: # AA-0122
State: Massachusetts
Topic: Broadsides
Price: $175.00

1912 Election Of Presidential Electors For Franklin County, Indiana

Partially Printed Document. Four pages, 8 ½” x14”. The document tallies the votes received by electors in Franklin County in each of the following categories: Democratic, Republican, Prohibition, Progressive, Socialist and Socialist Labor. Fold reinforced. Else Very Fine.
Catalog: # AA-0151
State: Indiana
Topic: Political Americana
Price: $125.00

1931 Princeton Banner

68 ½” x 31 ½”. Black felt with orange felt block lettering. Known for its accomplishments in athletics as well as academics, Princeton participated in what is seen as the first ever American Football game against Rutgers in 1869, thus marking the birth of one of the nation’s most popular sports. A great piece of memorabilia from one of America’s most historic universities! Fine condition.
Catalog: # AA-0190
State: New Jersey
Topic: Miscellaneous
Price: $275.00

5 Naval Department Regulations And General Orders

5 ½” x 8 ½”. 4 pp. Two copies of “Regulations for the Enlistment and Government of Apprentice Boys for the Navy.” Navy Department, May 27, 1864. One copy has a stain at lower right on all four pages, but the text is unaffected. Good. 5 ½” x 8 ½”. 4pp. “Navy Department, July 17, 1865. General Orders No. 63. It lists 10 cases brought against seaman. Nine were for desertion or absent without leave, all were found guilty. The 10th was against “James Simmons, Seaman, was tried & found guilty of ‘Using seditious language, and evincing disloyalty, ....when the assassination of President Lincoln was announce....”. Simmons was sentenced to two years in prison. Excellent. 5 ½” x 8 ½”. 1 page. Navy Department, July 19, 1865. General Orders No. 64. The “Act to provide a more efficient discipline for the Navy”. Small stain to extreme top edge affects nothing. Fine. 5 ½” x 8 ½”. 1 page. Navy Department, June 29, 1865. General Orders No. 62. “The following named persons having had Medals of Honor awarded to them for distinguished services in battle....John Cooper...and Patrick Mullen....” Very Fine.
Catalog: # AA-0240
Topic: Naval History
Price: $145.00

A Fantastic Stevensgraph Advertising Item

3 ¼” X 15”. A choice advertising item for Thomas Stevens being an imprinted paper “Thomas Stevens Coventry & London, Inventor and Manufacturer of Pure Silk Woven Book markers and Different Designs.” Attached with a pin at top is the original large Stevensgraph ribbon as an integral part of the advertisement providing an example of the company’s fine work. The ribbon depicts a church motif with three woman apparently viewing bibles upon a podium with the words “O Lord have Mercy Upon Us.” A choice advertising item from Stevens, known for some of the finest work of this type. Couple of folds.
Catalog: # AA-0181
Topic: Miscellaneous
Price: $195.00

A Highly Attractive Engraved Missionary Membership Certificate

[MISSIONARY SOCIETY]. A fine engraved membership certificate measuring 20” x 16 ½”. Great religious scene. March, 1870. “This certifies that Garrett De Bow, is a Life Member Philadelphia Conference Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church.” Engraved by A. H. Ritchie from a painting by D. R. Knight. A small piece of paper missing at extreme bottom center margin not affecting any printed area. Superb for display.
Catalog: # AA-0105
State: Pennsylvania
Price: $275.00

106 Items.  Showing Items 1 thru 9.
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