GARDNER COLBY, merchant and manufacturer, Boston, Mass., born in Waterville, Me., in 1809, died in Newton Mass., April 2, 1879. His father died when Gardner was young and the mother removed to Charlestown, Mass. Gardner received a grammar school education, learned the dry goods trade in Boston, and, in 1830, opened a small retail dry goods store of his own. Being very successful, he afterward restricted his operations to the wholesale trade and later became a manufacturer of woolen goods, and, with J. Wiley Edwards of Boston, owned and operated The Maverick Woolen Mills at Dedham, Mass. In 1870, he became largely interested in railways in Wisconsin and elsewhere, and was for several years president of The Wisconsin Central Railroad. By his marriage with Miss Mary Low Roberts of Gloucester, Mass., he became the father of Gardner R. Colby, of the firm of Hardin, Colby & Co., of Boston and New York, since deceased; Charles L. Colby, who succeeded as president of The Wisconsin Central Railroad, and now deceased; Henry F. Colby, who for twenty-seven years has been pastor of the First Baptist Church of Dayton, O., Joseph L. Colby, who was president of the Monte Christo mines in Washington; Mary F., wife of Arthur Walworth of Boston, Mass., and Georgetta E., wife of Daniel R. Wolfe of St. Louis, Mo. Mr. Colby gave liberally from a very large fortune to deserving objects, especially to the missions of the Baptist church. He was treasurer and trustee of The Newton Theological Institution and a large benefactor of Brown university, and, in 1864, gave $50,000 to Waterville college in Maine, which adopted the name of Colby university, in consequence of the gift. A large circle of friends loved and honored Mr. Colby for his great business abilities, clear head, generous heart and unswerving adherence to Christian principle and high ideas of honor.